We need to have a reasonable resolution. Detailed Description of Preferred Embodiments I. System Architecture  FIG. For each parameter, we solve for the lowest natural frequencies. For 1,2 supercell there are two bands below the band gap, and in case of 2,2 supercell there are four bands.
First, the physical shape of the scatter surface may be varied to enhance ease of construction of the present invention. Cloth is preferably, but not necessarily, a photonic ionic cloth radio amplifier PICRA as described in commonly assigned U. The simulated results are shown in Figure 4.
Next, the spatial relationship of the scatter surface with respect to the gas tube may also be varied to permit direction of the photonic waves in a desired direction.
Three-dimensional photonic crystals[ edit ] There are several structure types that have been constructed: The cylinder in the center of the lattice will be turned off.
However, diamagnetic base can be any type of diamagnetic material that is weakly repelled by the application of an external magnetic field. In other words, there is no spread of the maser beam, so that at the point of emission i. Scatter surface 20 is vibrated at an appropriate modulation frequency typically in the extremely low frequency range.
Photonic crystal fibres were first developed by Philip Russell inand can be designed to possess enhanced properties over normal optical fibres. It is however illustrative.
However, these ideas did not take off until after the publication of two milestone papers in by Yablonovitch and John. Therefore, unlike the system of the ' patent, the system of the present invention is an efficient, solid-state maser system capable of working over longer distances.
A band gap appears in the plot as a region in which no wave propagation branches exist. Moreover since the present invention promotes an cleaner technological alternative to pesticides, pests can be controlled without having to exterminate the animals, utilize ozone depleting or other environmentally harmful chemicals, or utilize pesticides that may endanger the health of children and adults, alike.
Beforeone-dimensional photonic crystals in the form of periodic multi-layer dielectric stacks such as the Bragg mirror were studied extensively. A detailed theoretical study of one-dimensional optical structures was performed by Vladimir P. In the center of the chamber is a plate having an etched scatter surface copied from the antenna, thorax, wing or leg of the insect.
Discussion of Related Art Insects such as fleas, mosquitos, moths, etc. The process repeats until the structure is of the desired height. Now we have to set the simulation Domain Origin.
This fact is due to a property of the electromagnetic fields known as scale invariance. The coherent or semi-coherent maser-like emissions are used to control, attract, or jam the natural frequencies of insects.
InApplicant demonstrated that attractance of night flying moths to candles is not due to the insect's eye and the candlelight, but is instead due to the insect's dielectric antenna and candle water-vapor infrared emissions to which the insect's antenna is tuned.
However, due to the difficulty of fabricating these structures at optical scales see Fabrication challengesearly studies were either theoretical or in the microwave regime, where photonic crystals can be built on the more accessible centimetre scale.
Paramagnetic layer surrounds cloth Therefore, the color of masernamely diamagnetic baseprovides pumping radiation that improves the effectiveness of maser to attract insects.
Diamagnetic base supports paramagnetic layerbut along the side wall of diamagnetic base is a layer of dielectric spinessuch as a spined plastic, velcro, and the like.
Thus when simulation defects we need to insure that the simulation domain is large enough so that the localized band if it exist is narrow within our tolerance. Thus, the present invention applies to the control of all insects in nature; such control acting either as an attractant radiation e.
An adhesive composition can be used to secure cloth and paramagnetic layer to diamagnetic basebut it is not required. In other words, the frequency emitter 5 is a closed system.
The system of equations, however, is Hermitian. In a series of articles in the mid 's, Applicant demonstrated that the antennae of insects act as photonic, open resonator waveguides to collect and transmit infrared frequencies.
Paramagnetic-Diamagnetic Maser Performance  As known to those skilled in the relevant art s when electronic components are closer together, zero aperture will occur.
Computing photonic band structure[ edit ] The photonic band gap PBG is essentially the gap between the air-line and the dielectric-line in the dispersion relation of the PBG system. Insects do not have rough surfaces but designed surfaces that enhance frequencies by oscillating surface segregation.
What is a photonic band gap? How is it formed in 2D and 3D Photonic crystals? we can plot ω vs k in the first Brillouin zone to get the band diagram of photonic crystals.
Photonic band. The plane wave expansion method was implemented in modelling and simulating the band The periodic refractive index leads to the formation of photonic band gap not allowing any photons with a frequency in the range of the band gap to propagate.
These the basis vectors and the first Brillouin zone are shown in. Type or paste a DOI name into the text box. Click Go. Your browser will take you to a Web page (URL) associated with that DOI name. Send questions or comments to doi. Nature of the photonic band gap: field analysis some insights from a R.
D. Meade, A. M. Rappe, K. D.
Brommer, and J. D. Joannopoulos photonic band gap gives rise to a number of interesting dimensional Brillouin zone. The right-hand insets show a cro.
PHOTONIC BAND-GAP STRUCTURES 5 3. Photonic Band-Gap Structures A Mathematical Formulation. The FCC Brillouin Zone Before this full vector. Simulating Photonic Band Gaps in Crystals by Daniel H. Kodan and Peter W. Chung ARL-TR June Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
The second part of the report demonstrates the implementation of a photonic band gap model. The calculations were performed with the.Simulating photonic band gap and brillouin zone